O*NET Career Decision and Planning Model
Career decisions research suggests use of decision models for a structured way to explore the world of work. Six basic tasks are identified: orientation to choice, self-exploration, broad exploration of the environment, in-depth exploration of the environment, choosing an alternative, and committing to a particular career alternative. O*NET is a comprehensive and elaborate system containing data on career decision-making; however, it is overwhelming for individual users and even career guidance professionals find it difficult to understand and leverage methodically for career guidance. Thus, there is a clear need for a phased model that is tuned for use with O*NET. Tucareers’s career guidance model ONETCPTM (O*NET career planning model) is based on the six–phased approach recommended in career decision research. The six phases in our model are named Orient, Navigate, Explore, Track, Choice and Plan; these facilitate career exploration and holistically remove career decision making difficulties.
The orient phase focuses on increasing the career decision maker’s awareness for the career decision. The career decision maker is oriented to key aspects, such as different career options, job families, and the role of worker characteristics like interest, personality etc. in choosing a career. The navigate phase based on assessments helps the individual to steer to a broad list of career options that suit them best. This acts as a filtration phase for narrowing the career list down to a few. The explore phase helps the career decision maker to explore methodically the recommended list of career options in greater depth. At this stage, career decision makers can either include career options that have not been recommended to them or exclude those that have, based on their interest in learning more about specific fields. The track phase focuses on in-depth study and comparison of the shortlisted careers based on different factors. Labor-related external factors (employment outlook, salary etc.) can also be enumerated in the track phase to facilitate easy comparison and assist in easily recognizing and understanding tradeoffs. Predicted measures like career satisfaction and tenure are reported to facilitate the decision process. The choice phase helps the career decision maker to zero in on the most viable career options (or a set of options). The role of the career counselor is critical at this stage, as the counselor helps the individual make the best possible choice. Once the choice of career options are made, obtaining the required education, knowledge, and skills that can help achieve the career goals is planned and worked out.