Individuals perceive and process information in different ways, known as their learning styles. In simple words, they have their own preferences for how they absorb, understand and retain information. From an individual’s perspective, an understanding of his or her natural preference will facilitate faster learning and reduce frustration and failures. And for educators, an awareness of the different styles will enable them to adapt their teaching methods so that each student is able to comprehend and recall the material.We have implement the Index of Learning Styles assessment, by Richard M. Felder and Barbara A. Soloman. The assessment is used with permission of the authors.
The Index of Learning Styles Assessment identifies four areas of personality that contribute to learning. Each aspect is depicted as a dimension with two values on each end of the scale. Each individual will have a score which falls somewhere between the two ends. A combination of these scores makes up the individual’s learning style.
These dimensions include :
Sensing vs Intuitive: This scale determines how people prefer to take in or perceive information. Sensing learners are practical and focus on facts and procedures, while Intuitive learners are innovative and concerned with concepts and theories.
Visual vs Verbal: This pair determines how people prefer information to be presented to them. Visual learners prefer visual aids such as graphs and charts, while verbal learners work better with spoken or written instructions
Active vs Reflective: This scale determines how people process information. Active learners require trying things out while reflective learners need to think through things.
Sequential vs Global: This scale determines how people prefer to organize information and understand it. Sequential learners will prefer a step-by-step, orderly method, while global learners prefer holistic thinking and looking at the big picture.