Cotton Farmer

Cotton Planter

Cotton Plantation Worker

Minimum ? No entry barrier, 5th standard passed preferable

Certified training for Cotton Cultivator (programme aligned to AGR/Q0202 released by Agriculture Skill Council of India)

Prior experience in cash crop operations for one season

The tasks a Cotton Cultivator is expected to perform include:

Obtaining appropriate equipment and tools

Procuring and preparing seed material for cotton

Preparing the nurser

Curbing weed in field crop

Cultivating cotton

Harvesting the produce

Marketing and selling the farm produce

Knowledge of the tools and equipment used in cotton farming

Ability to select appropriate site for cultivation of cotton

Proficient in preparing the land for cotton cultivation

Ability to perform propagation and transplantation

Familiar with macro and micro nutrient management in cotton seed

Familiar with integrated insect, pest and disease management for field crops

Familiar with irrigation management

Familiar with harvest and post-harvest management

Skilled in basic farm management

Equipped to assimilate market information

Ability to keep up with the latest developments in variety of cotton and new equipment

Knowledge of basic arithmetic

Hands-on training

Extension training or Krishi Vigyan Kendra training

Manual dexterity

Physically fit

Ability to work independently

Ability to take risks

Hardworking and persistent


Self-directed learner


Ability to negotiate

It is a field job

May need to handle a team

Local travelling is a part of this job role

Part-time work and contractual jobs maybe available

Work from home option is not available

Working hours

Flexible working hours

Being self-employed is also an option. In this case, the working hours and days will be flexible

Shift system maybe applicable as per the farm norms

Is the job suitable for a candidate with special needs?No

This job is not considered dangerous or hazardous.Occupational hazard includes cotton allergy

Health risks include exposure to pesticides, fertilizer and other chemicals, extreme weather conditions, considerable amount of dust and equipment noise

For daily wage workers - INR175 toINR200 per day

(These figures are indicative and subject to change)

Cotton Cultivating in India

Over the years, our country has achieved significant quantitative increase in cotton production. Till 1970s, India used to import massive quantities of cotton in the range of 8.00 to 9.00 lakh bales per annum. However, after the government launched special schemes like intensive cotton production programmes through successive five-year plans, cotton production received the necessary impetus through an increase in area and sowing of hybrid varieties around mid-70s.

Since then, India has become mostly self-sufficient in cotton production. Since the launch of"Technology Mission on Cotton"by Government of India in February 2000, significant progress has been made in increasing yield and production through development of high yielding varieties, appropriate transfer of technology, better farm management practices, increased area under cultivation of Bt cotton hybrids etc.

All these developments have resulted in a turn-around in cotton production in the country since last 6/7 years. The yield per hectare which was stagnant at about 300 kg/ha for more than 10 years, has increased substantially and reached a level of 554 kg/ha in cotton season 2007-08.

The fundamental changes that are taking place in the realm of cotton cultivation in the country have the potential to take the current productivity level close to the world average cotton production per hectare in the near future. As the sector prospers, job opportunities for Cotton Cultivator will also increase.


Cotton farm owners

Agriculture co-operative organizations

Cities and towns across India

Will be updated

Krishi Vigyan Kendras(KVKs) across the country

State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institute (SAMETI), of different Agricultural Universities in India