Career Opportunities & Courses in Mathematics

"Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.”
                                                                                      — Albert Einstein

Mathematics is the abstract knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Imagine a world without math. Devoid of symmetry, stability or any precise interpretation of our ideas… we would be in utter chaos.

Mathematics unravel  hidden patterns and plays a crucial role in almost all the phases of our life. Be it work, social communication or development in society; math is a requisite for our growth. And we need the knowledge it offers in our life.


Top Courses and Career Scope in Mathematics




“The mathematician does not study pure mathematics because it is useful; he studies it because he delights in it and he delights in it because it is beautiful”
                                              -Georg Cantor

There are many variations in the branches of Math and we have so many opportunities to pursue this beautiful subject!

Read on to find out.


Different Mathematics Courses 

  1. Associate's Degrees 

 It’s a 2-years degree program that colleges offer. One can pursue it after completing class 12th. After completing this Degree program, the students receive an Associate of Science degree. 

  1. Bachelor's Degree (B.Sc. and B.Sc. (Hons) in Mathematics) 

High school diploma is required to opt for these courses. After completion a person qualifies to teach mathematics to 12th grade. Both are 3-years degree program, B.Sc. Honours being more detailed oriented. After your graduation in these courses, you can pursue courses like MCA, M.Sc. IT, Actuarial Sciences, MBA or M.Sc. in Mathematics.

  1. Master's Degrees or M.Sc. in Mathematics 

Master's Degrees or M.Sc. Mathematics allows you to teach mathematics in college/universities up till 4th year. After completing B.Sc. in Mathematics person usually opt for this course which requires additional 2 years of study. A person can opt for Ph.D. in Mathematics after this. 

  1. M.Sc. in Mathematics Integrated 

M.Sc. Integrated course is a 5 years course that a student can pursue after class 12th. M.Sc. Integrated course is equivalent to (B.Sc. + M.Sc.) course.

  1. Ph.D. in Mathematics

 Master’s Degree is required for enrolling in Ph.D. program. It’s a 3 to 6 years program depending on the institute. With this degree one can become a scholar or researcher. 

One can have specialization in the following fields:

  • Pure Mathematics

  • Applied Mathematics

  • Computational Mathematics 

  • Algebra and Number Theory

  • Topology and Foundations

  • Geometric Analysis

  • Analysis 

  • Probability and Statistics

Other courses include:

  • Mathematics Graduate Diploma

  • Mathematical Modelling MSc

  • Applied Mathematics MSc

  • Financial Mathematics and Computation MSc

  • Computational Statistics and Machine Learning

  • Data Visualization MA

  • Cryptography MSc


Career Scope in Mathematics

Depending on advancement of degrees, there are so many entry level as well as jobs that require experience. Some of these include -

Cryptographers provide security for computer and information technology systems by creating algorithms and ciphers for encrypting data. 

Mathematicians use advanced mathematics for developing and understanding mathematical principles and analyze data. They use Mathematics to solve real world problems.

A financial analyst does financial forecasting, reporting, and operational metrics tracking. They analyze financial data and create financial models.

An Actuary is a professional in any business who analyzes the financial outcomes of risk. Actuaries research unknown future events using mathematics, statistics, and financial theory, especially in the areas of insurance and pension programs.

A physicist discovers and study interaction between energy and matter. Physicists usually conduct, investigate and derive inference to solutions or theories in science.


Apart from above a person can get into the following professions as well:

Other jobs that require Mathematics skills to some degree include- 

Be a graduate or a mathematics major, there are so many options awaiting you!



“Mathematics is the most beautiful and most powerful creation of the human spirit.”   

-Stephan Benach

True mathematicians have always understood the beauty and power of Mathematics. Its simplicity and the ease and opportunities it brings into our life is unquestionable. 

And there are so many gateways to tap onto its knowledge. Be a high schooler, a graduate or a researcher, the possibilities are truly endless.

I hope this article has been useful to you.




The below courses provide a good overview on the study area

An introduction is provided in the below video

Frequently Asked Questions

Let’s take a look at some commonly asked questions by students.

Creativity and analytical skills are the most sought out skills by employers. If you’re good at maths and love playing with numbers, then you should definitely pursue it.

Research shows that learning maths helps you develop better problem solving skills which help a lot to get into many careers. It also makes you understand the world better.

A math degree leads to surprisingly fulfilling careers. There are many career choices here which depends on the branch of maths you’ve undertaken.

Though it demands hard work, majoring in math opens up various venues and offers great jobs with good pay, job security and personal satisfaction.

Studying maths helps you develop problem solving, logical thinking and decision skills. There are a variety of fields which require these skills but are not limited to- business, technology, economics and finance.

With increasing technology, the demand for practicality of high-level mathematical skills in research based projects, prediction of flow of finance/economics/business, development of technology, cryptography and so on is continuously on the rise. The job outlook for students emerging from maths background is quite promising with an expected growth of 33% for the next 10 years.

  • Communication skills

  • Critical thinking

  • Creativityt

  • Complex problem solving skills

  • Time management

  • Teamwork

  • Loyala College, Chennai.

  • Ashoka University, Sonepat

  • Christ University, Bangalore.

  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

  • Fergusson College, Pune.

Most employers are attracted to candidates with a relevant work experience as they look for various skills other than those offered just with a degree.

Consider doing sandwich years, summer internships, part-time jobs, educational activities or help out a school with mini projects like Data analysis using Excel or freelance as programmers or web designers. These reflect positively on your CV; making you attractive to employers

A few are-

  • IBM.

  • Intel.

  • JP Morgan.

  • Lockheed Martin.

  • Metron.

  • NCR.

Some are-

  • Strong software skills in Maple, Matlab and Excel, etc.

  • Advanced numeracy skills.

  • High analytical skills to find patterns and draw conclusions.

  • Ability to find problems accurately with assumptions made and find solutions for them.

  • Strong application skills of mathematical capacity to real-world problems.

Curated by Team