Salary LevelMuch Above Average
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
- Majority (60.61) percent of respondents had : Post-Doctoral Training
- Some (30.3) percent of respondents had :Doctoral Degree
- Some (9.09) percent of respondents had :Master's Degree
Interest Code : IAR
- Investigative-Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Artistic-Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
- Realistic-Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Deductive Reasoning-The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning-The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Mathematical Reasoning-The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
- Oral Comprehension-The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Written Comprehension-The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Oral Expression-The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Analytical Thinking-Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative-Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence-Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Achievement/Effort-Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation-Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Independence-Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Top 3 Values
- Achievement-Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Recognition-Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
- Independence-Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Science-Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Reading Comprehension-Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Critical Thinking-Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Learning-Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Writing-Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Mathematics-Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Physics-Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
- Mathematics-Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Computers and Electronics-Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- English Language-Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Education and Training-Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Engineering and Technology-Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Study celestial phenomena, using a variety of ground-based and space-borne telescopes and scientific instruments.
- Analyze research data to determine its significance, using computers.
- Develop theories based on personal observations or on observations and theories of other astronomers.
- Collaborate with other astronomers to carry out research projects.
- Present research findings at scientific conferences and in papers written for scientific journals.
- Raise funds for scientific research.
- Measure radio, infrared, gamma, and x-ray emissions from extraterrestrial sources.
- Teach astronomy or astrophysics.
- Develop instrumentation and software for astronomical observation and analysis.
- Review scientific proposals and research papers.
- Interacting With Computers-Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Getting Information-Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Analyzing Data or Information-Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Thinking Creatively-Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Processing Information-Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge-Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Electronic Mail-Mostly you use electronic mail in this job
- Freedom to Make Decisions-The job offers decision making freedom without supervision
- Structured versus Unstructured Work-Job is structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals
- Face-to-Face Discussions-Mostly you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate-Required to be very exact or highly accurate in performing this job
- Spend Time Sitting-Mostly this job requires sitting
- Level of Competition-This job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled-Mostly this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions
- Development environment software e.g. Abstraction plus reference plus synthesis A++
- Analytical or scientific software e.g. Adaptive optics AO simulation software
- Graphics or photo imaging software e.g. Avis Fits Viewer
- Object or component oriented development software e.g. C++
- Analytical or scientific software e.g. Data reduction software
- Development environment software e.g. Formula translation/translator FORTRAN
- Graphics or photo imaging software e.g. IRIS
- Operating system software e.g. Linux
- Spreadsheet software e.g. Microsoft Excel
- Office suite software e.g. Microsoft Office
- Atomic absorption AA spectrometers e.g.Atomic absorption AA spectroscopes
- Telescopes e.g.Automated telescopes
- Laboratory mills e.g.Ball mills
- Digital readout recorders e.g.Baseband recorders
- Telescopes e.g.Charge-coupled device CCD imagers
- Desktop computers
- Calorimeters e.g.Differential scanning calorimeters
- Telescopes e.g.Dobsonian telescopes
- Radarbased surveillance systems e.g.Doppler Rayleigh laser imaging ranging and detecting LIDAR systems