Biology is the science that minutely studies life and living organism. In simple terms it is a subject that revolves around life in different forms with studies involving physical structure, different chemical processes, various molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and aspects of evolution.

Biology is the only natural science that recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basis unit of heredity and most importantly, evolution as the engine that is solely responsible for the creation and extinction of species.

 Emerging Career opportunities in Biology

Relevance of Biology in 21st Century:

The greatest potential of this field of study is the capability to contribute to a large number of areas in the advancing world. An understanding of our DNA and the principles of inheritance and heredity is a major key to understanding the knowledge of genome, cell, organism and through that, the complex ecosystem of all multicellular organisms. This understanding has become more important with the evolution and challenges of modern health problems in the 21st century.

Top Courses and Career Opportunities in Biology:

Biology offers a basket brimming with opportunities and successful career options. While the most popular options for Biology students after class 12 are in the field of medicine, these courses have already been covered here and here.

Let's take a look at the popular non-medical courses available.


 TOP COURSES AND CAREER opportunities IN BIOLOGY After 12th

While a B.Tech degree has always been associated with the Math stream, there are a number of options available for those who have opted for Biology after class 10. Let’s take a look at some of them:

  • Biotechnology: 4 year undergraduate degree program combining the principles of Applied Biology and Chemical Engineering. The scope of Biotechnology extends to healthcare and pharmaceutical products and therapies, agriculture and food production.

  • Bioinformatics: 4 year undergraduate program focusing on the role of information technology and programming techniques in the field of biology.

  • Biomedical Engineering: 4 year undergraduate program is concerned with the study and application of engineering principles and design concepts in relation to the fields of medicine and healthcare.

  • Genetic Engineering: 4 year undergraduate program in the newest field of engineering dealing with the study and development of synthetic genes that can be used to replicate living organisms.

  2) B.Sc.

The various subjects in which B.Sc. can be pursued in this field of study are:

  • Nursing

  • Botany

  • Zoology

  • Microbiology

  • Biotechnology

  • Forensic Science

  • Allied Health Sciences

  • Agriculture

  • Horticulture

  • Environmental Science

  • Food Technology

  • Home Science

3) M.Sc

Some of the fields that students can pursue their M.Sc in are  

  • Biochemistry

  • Molecular Biology

  • Biology/Biological Sciences

  • Applied Biology

  • Environmental Microbiology

  • Advanced Biochemistry

  • Bioinformatics

  • Food Science & Nutrition

  • Applied Microbiology

  • Genetics

  • Animal Biotechnology

  • Dietetics

Most In-Demand Career Options In Biology

Other Careers & Jobs After Graduation:


    Over the years, the medical sector has witnessed a humongous change. With the increasing progress in the medical field, the scope for the medical students is also ascending in an appreciable manner. The health sector has not only a wide range of recruitments but the positions are also respectable and highly demanding.



The below courses provide a good overview on the study area

An introduction is provided in the below video

Frequently Asked Questions

Let’s take a look at some commonly asked questions by students.

  • Molecular biology

  • Parasitology 

  • Ecology

  • Cryobiology

  • Neurobiology

  • Socio-biology 

  • Histology

  • Histopathology

  • Bacteriology

  • Clinical chemistry

  • Medical Biochemistry

  • Immunology

  • Transfusion Science

  • Medical microbiology

  • Research scientist

  • Working in pharmaceuticals 

  • Health sector

  • Agriculture 

  • Food industries

  • Healthcare organization

  • Developer with pharmaceuticals

  • Bio-analyst

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