Pug Mill Attendant

Mill Operator

Pug Mill Mixer

The tasks a Pug Mill Operator (Ceramics) is expected to perform include:

Operating a machine(Pug mill) that mixes clay with water to knead it into a suitable plastic condition for moulding clay or porcelain articles

Setting appropriate die to pug mill according to clay slab and round required

Starting machine to regulate speed of shafts provided with helical knives to rotate in opposite direction thus pressing clay towards exit into granular condition which is subjected to further mixing in lower chamber

Opening slide gate and valve to permit dry clay and water to flow into mixing chamber in specified proportion

Examining clay for consistency as it leaves the machine 

Collecting pressed and cut clay slab as ejected by machine

Ability to feed cakes of filter pressed clay into mixing chamber of machine by hand

Ability to clean and oil the machine

Well-versed in regulating valves to change proportion of water to clay as required

Knowledge of operating mixing equipment

Knowledge of ingredients or raw materials to be used in production processes

Proficient in loading/unloading clay slab into containers or onto conveyors for further processing

Knowledge of making minor repairs to machine

Physically fit

Good judgement skills

Manual dexterity

Keen observer

Arm-hand steadiness

It requires one to be on their toes 

Need not handle a team

Local travelling is not a part of job

Part-time work and contractual jobs are available in some cities

Work from home option is not available

Working hours
Factories usually work for 5/6 days a week for 9/10 hours everyday. This may vary from factory to factory

Shift system maybe available

Is the job suitable for a candidate with special needs?
This job is suitable for candidates with One Leg (OL) and Hearing Impaired (HH)

This job is considered to be mildly hazardous or dangerous under The Factories Act, 1948 (section 87)

Health risks may include repetitive motion of hands, standing for long hours, exposure to dust, chemical substances, etc.

Occupational hazards may include musculoskeletal injuries, rhinitis, cough, minor cuts, lung diseases, headaches, etc.

For freshers - INR 203 to INR 248 per day

For candidates with 2-4 years of experience or more - INR 200 to INR 350 per day

(This figure are indicative and subject to change)

Overview of Glass & Ceramics Sector in India

The ceramic industry in India is about 100 years old. Ceramic products are manufactured both by large and small enterprises with wide variance in type, size and standards. Though ceramic manufacturing units are spread across India, most of the units are concentrated in Morbi, Surendranagar and Khurja. Only a few units have a state-of-the-art-technology, and manufacturing facilities for production of quality ceramic goods. All sub-segments of Indian ceramic industry, viz., tiles, sanitary ware, tableware, ornamental ware, etc. have both organised and unorganised players, with the latter having substantial share in production.

During 2008, India was the 24th largest ceramic trading nation in the world and accounted for a share of around 0.9% in total ceramics trade. During the period, from 2001 to 2008, India?s ceramics trade increased from US$ 143 million to US$ 738 million at a CAGR of 22.2%. The increase in trade was led by rise in imports, which increased, from US$ 60.9 million in 2001 to US$ 523.8 million in 2008, at a CAGR of 30.9%. India?s ceramic exports on the other hand increased at a CAGR of 12.8%, from US$ 82.3 million to US$ 214.5 million.

Currently, India?s ranking in world ceramic tile production stands at number 3 (China and Brazil are the top 2) and is growing at an annual growth rate of 15% contributed largely by urbanisation, a boom in the retail industry, and optimism in India?s economic outlook. Ceramic production today is a sizeable contribution to the country?s GDP (with a turnover of 18,000 crores) at 600 million sq mts p.a.

A total of over 5.5 lacs people are employed in the sector. Ceramic sector makes an important contribution to the economy, housing sector, export earnings and employment of India. With the growth in the housing sector the demand of ceramics is expected to increase considering the competitiveness of Indian tiles in the international market.

Ceramic manufacturing companies across India

Towns and cities across India

Will be updated

Indian Institute of Ceramics

Government Polytechnic, Haryana

Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad

Lukhdhirji Engineering College, Rajkot