Bee Farming



Bee Keeper

Bee Harvester

No formal education required

Certified training for Bee-Keeper (programme aligned to AGR/ Q4801 released by Agriculture Skill Council of India)

Not applicable

The tasks a Bee-Keeper is expected to perform include:

Building and maintaining bee-hives

Inspecting colonies for vitality, queen performance, level of food reserves and the presence of parasites or disease

Managing beecolonies by feeding bees, replacing queen bees, dividing colonies andreplacing combs

Recognizing and monitoring hive health issues

Applying appropriate cures and controls

Collecting and packaging honey, beeswax and pollen

Maintaining bee yard and all related equipment

Maintaining comprehensive records

Marketing and selling the products to consumers or distributors

Knowledge of bee biology and behaviour

Knowledge of bee-keeping and related areas

Knowledge of plant types and life cycles, and how and when plants produce nectar

Basic knowledge of managing insects and diseases in bee-hives

Basic carpentry skills for building and repairing hive boxes

Skilled in handling bee-keeping equipment

Familiar with bee-hive management

Proficient in harvesting and processing the products

Proficient in understanding market trends and selling the products

Ability to keep up with current developments and trends in areas of bee-keeping

Extension training or Krishi Vigyan Kendra training

Hands-on training

Physically fit


Manual dexterity




Willingness to undertake continual learning

It is not a desk job

May need to handle a team

Local travelling is a part of this job role

Part-time work and contractual jobs maybe available

Work from home option is not available

Working hours

Flexible working hours

Shift system may be applicable as per the farm norms

Being self-employed is also an option. In this case, the working hours and days will be flexible

Is the job suitable for a candidate with special needs?


This job is not listed as hazardous or dangerous under The Factories Act, 1948 (section 87)

One may develop occupational hazards due to excessive long distance travelling between hives, exposure to extreme weather conditions, disinfectants, insecticides, pesticides and other chemicals, etc.

Health hazards include bee stings, etc.

For daily wage workersINR180 toINR200 per day

(These figures are indicative and subject to change)

India?s Apiculture Sector

India has a potential to keep about 120 million bee colonies that can provide self-employment to over 6 million rural and tribal families. In terms of production, these bee colonies can produce over 1.2 million tons of honey and about 15,000 tons of beeswax. Organized collection of forest honey and beeswax using improved methods can result in an additional production of at least 120,000 tons of honey and 10,000 tons of beeswax. This can generate income for about 5 million families. Initiatives are being taken to achieve these goals, and this indicates good job prospects fir Bee-Keeper and related workers.


Large companies that produce and sell honey products

Bee yard owners

Cities and towns across India2

Will be updated

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) centers across India

State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institute (SAMETI), of different educational institutes in India