Fruit Farmers, Fruit Cultivation in India

Minimum ? No entry barrier, preferably 5th standard pass

Not required

The tasks a Cultivator, Fruit is expected to perform include:Selecting the type of nuts or fruits for cultivation based on the soil, climate, irrigational and transport facilities

Selecting and procuring the tools, equipment, seeds, fertilizers, etc.Preparing land for planting by ploughing, treating it with manure, levelling, etc.Planting seedlings and cuttings or sowing seeds

Setting up and maintaining irrigation system

Preparing manure by collecting and storing cow dung in ditches

Spraying insecticides and taking other measures to protect the fruit from wild and stray animals

Checking maturity of fruits and plucking ripe fruits by hand at the appropriate time

Developing different varieties of trees by grafting, budding, etc.Transporting plants and fruits by carts or automobiles

Directing and monitoring the work of casual and seasonal workers during planting and harvesting

Marketing and selling the farm produce

Repairing and maintaining farm vehicles, fences, building, implements, equipment, etc.Arranging preservation of fruits in cold storage

Knowledge of grafting, budding, pruning and other related processes

Adept at operating farm machinery

Detailed knowledge of fruit fertilization, mineral nutrition, crop varieties, propagation and selection

Skilled in integrated insect, pest and disease management

Expert in optimal harvesting

Skilled in marketing and sales of the product

Knowledge of latest developments and technology in the field

Skilled in basic farm management

Skilled in irrigation management

Proficient in basic arithmetic

Efficient in hiring and supervising the workers

Will be updated

Manual dexterity

Physically fit

Ability to work independently

Hardworking and persistent


Attention to detail


Ability to negotiate

It is a field job

Work from home is not applicable for this profile

Maybe required to supervise a team of other Field Workers

Part-time work and contractual jobs maybe available

Local travelling is required

Working hours

No fixed working hours

Overtime is common during harvesting season

Being self-employed is also an option. In this case, the working hours and days will be flexible

Shift system maybe applicable as per the farm norms

Is the job suitable for a candidate with special needs?No

This job is considered mildly hazardous or dangerous Health risks include exposure to extreme temperatures, pesticides, manure, fertilizers, chemicals, dust, etc.Occupational hazards include physical strain, injury to body while using sharp tools, etc.

For daily wage worker - INR 90 to INR 340 per day3(These figures are indicative and subject to change)

Fruit and Vegetable Trends in India4

The total production of fruits and vegetables in the world is around 370 MT. India ranks first in the world with an annual output of 32 MT. While there are almost 180 families of fruits that are grown all over the world, citrus fruits constitute around 20% of world?s total fruit production. Major Indian fruits consist of mango, banana, citrus fruits, apple, guava, papaya, pineapple and grapes.

The fruits are processed into various products such as fruit juices & concentrates, canned fruit, dehydrated fruit, jams & jellies, etc.

India with its current production of around 32 million MT of fruit, accounts for about 8% of the world?s fruit production. The diverse agro-climatic zones in the country, makes it possible to grow almost all varieties of fresh fruits and vegetables in India. The fruit production in India has recorded a growth rate of 3.9%, whereas the fruit processing sector has grown at about 20% per annum. However, the growth rates have been extensively higher for frozen fruits & vegetables (121%) and dehydrated fruits & vegetables (24%).

There exist over 4000 fruit processing units in India with an aggregate capacity of more than 12 lakh MT (less than 4% of total fruits produced). It is estimated that around 20% of the production of processed fruits is meant for exports, the rest caters to the defence, institutional sectors and household consumption, Mango and mango-based products constitute 50% of exports. The exponential growth in this field shows a promising career for a Cultivator, Fruit.


Fruit farm owners

Agriculture co-operative organizations

Job openings are in cities like Varaha, Kalangi, Upper Panneru in Andhra Pradesh; Satara, Thane, Solapur, Latur in Maharashtra; Bhensakhedi, Ketan in Madhya Pradesh5