Work values taxonomy used by us is based on the Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) developed at the University of Minnesota (Dawis, England, Lofquist, 1964; Dawis & Lofquist,1984). This theory proposes that job satisfaction is directly related to the degree to which a person's values and corresponding needs are satisfied by his or her work environment. The TWA identifies six primary work values each with a corresponding set of needs. These are described below.

Achievement - Individuals with this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

  • Ability Utilization - Individuals like to make use of their individual abilities.
  • Achievement - Individuals like to get a feeling of accomplishment.

Working Conditions - Individuals with this work value like job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

  • Activity - Individuals like to be busy all the time.
  • Independence - Individuals like to do their work alone.
  • Variety - Individuals like to do something different every day.
  • Compensation - Individuals like to be paid well in comparison with other workers.
  • Security - Individuals like to have steady employment.
  • Working Conditions - Individuals like to have good working conditions.

Recognition - Individuals with these work values need advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

  • Advancement - Individuals like to have opportunities for advancement.
  • Recognition - Individuals like to receive recognition for the work they do.
  • Authority - Individuals like to give directions and instructions to others.
  • Social Status - Individuals like to be looked up to by others in their company and their community.

Relationships -Individuals with these work value need to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

  • Co-workers - Individuals like to have co-workers who are easy to get along with.
  • Social Service - Individuals like to have work where they do things for other people.
  • Moral Values - Individuals like to be never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

Support - Individuals with these work values like to have supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

  • Company Policies and Practices -Individuals like to be treated fairly by the company.
  • Supervision, Human Relations -Individuals like to have supervisors who back up their workers with management.
  • Supervision, Technical  - Individuals like to have supervisors who train their workers well.

Independence - Individuals with this work value need to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

  • Creativity - Individuals like to try out their own ideas.
  • Responsibility - Individuals like to make decisions on their own.
  • Autonomy - Individuals like to plan their work with little supervision.

For further detauils refer to O*NET