Minimum Masters Degree in Criminology/Sociology/Social Work/Psychology

Not required

The tasks a Penologist is expected to perform include:

Investigating and studying the punishment of various crimes

Ensuring the discipline and proper management of penal institutions

Working on the rehabilitation of criminal offenders

Studying the theories and objectives of punishment and criminality as suggested by a Criminologist

Assigning different punishments for various crimes according to their nature and intensity of crime

Judging the appropriate punishments that are associated with various crimes

Indulging in individualized punishment with corrective treatment of criminals through proper prison management

Maintaining juvenile institutions and dealing with settlement for habitual offenders

Enforcing punishment with reformative and rehabilitative ideals

Skilled in data collection

In-depth knowledge of psychology, sociology and other parameters that make a society

Proficient in understanding the causes of criminal behaviour

Skilled at coming up with various ways in which criminals can be rehabilitated

Skilled in observing inmates inside correctional facilities

Proficient in analyzing inmate behaviour and presenting a report on the same

Skilled in preparing and presenting recommendations for improving individual facilities and the prison system

Not applicable


Problem-solving ability

Investigation skills

Good listener

Excellent interpersonal skills


It is not a desk job

Need not handle a team

Local travelling is not a part of this job role

Part-time work and contractual jobs maybe available

Work from home option is not available

Working hours

Organizations usually work for 5/6 days a week and 8/9 hours everyday. This may vary from organization to organization

Shift system maybe available

Is the job suitable for a candidate with special needs

This job is not considered hazardous or dangerous

One may develop occupational hazards such as stress on eyes, mental and physical strain, joint pains, etc. if not taken care of

For candidates with experience - INR 9,300 to INR 34,800 per month

(These figures are indicative and subject to change)

The Education Industry in India

According to a report by IBEF, India is an important educational centre in the global education industry. This is because the country has more than 1.4 million schools and more than 35,000 higher education institutes. Also, vocational education and training is fast emerging as an important area of focus in India.

Crime is a part of each society and it is very important for every country to deal with it in the best possible manner. So, those well versed in the field of criminology have rich pickings thanks to their employability in India. There is a need for Penologists. Though there are no official statistics on the hiring scenario and the job opportunities, around 65 per cent of fresher talent is required every year in various job profiles offered within this field.

Considering all this, it is safe to say that demand for a Penologistis is there in the present and will also be there in the future.



Police organizations

Juvenile homes

Correction institutions/homes


Cities and towns across India