District Magistrate

Chief Presidency Magistrate

Judicial Magistrate

Railway Magistrate

City Magistrate

Minimum Law graduate

Will be updated

The tasks a Magistrate is expected to perform include:

Presiding over criminal court, deciding cases and delivering judgement on judicial matters filed in or transferred to his court

Issuing summons or warrants to accused according to nature of alleged crime

Granting remand to police to keep accused in police custody for investigation

Fixing dates of hearing

Issuing summons to prosecution and defensing witnesses

Hearing preliminary arguments of prosecution and defensing counsels to decide as to whether any case has been made out against accused

Committing accused to stand trial in sessions court if offence is beyond competence of his court, or dismissing complainant if no case is made by prosecution

Proceeding with case if alleged offence is made out and within competence of his court

Recording defense testimony of accused, evidence and cross examination of prosecution and

dis-allowing irrelevant questions

Proficient in formulating charges and explaining them to accused

Well-versed in recording evidence of witnesses under oath, examining their statements given before police and admitting documents or material as exhibits

Proficient in recording statement of complainant to decide cognizance of prima-facie case

Knowledge of trying offences committed by ticketless travelers to become a Railway Magistrate

Knowledge of inspecting site of alleged offence

Knowledge of calling persons as court witnesses

Ability to grant bail to accused at any stage of trial and exempting accused from personal appearance

Knowledge of promulgating executive orders for maintenance of law and order

Competent in doing patrol duties with the police

Knowledge of ordering firing in serious disturbances

Knowledge of conducting identification proceedings in the jail

Knowledge of official witness at hangings in the jail

Good communication skills

Good judgement skills

Calm and composed

Highly motivated and self-driven

Good interpersonal skills

Ability to think critically

Decision making skills

Problem solving attitude

It is a desk job as well as field job

Need not handle a team

Local travelling is a part of job role

Part-time work and contractual jobs are available in some cities

Work from home option is not available

Working hours

Judicial courts usually work for 5/6 days a week for 5 hours everyday

Shift system maybe available

Is the job suitable for a candidate with special needs?

This job is not considered to be hazardous or dangerous

Occupational hazards may include anxiety, panic disorders, depression, tiredness, headache, throat problems, migraine, stress, etc.

For candidates with over 3 yearsof experience INR 27,000 to INR 45,000 per month

(These figures are indicative and subject to change)

Overview of Judiciary Sector in India

The Government of India has three different independent branches namely the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. This system is known as the Common Law System in which the judges develop the laws with their judgments, orders and decisions. The different types of courts form the different levels of judiciary in the country. The Supreme Court of India came into being on 28 January 1950 and substituted the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and the Federal Court of India which were the apex legal system under the colonial rule in India. There is one Chief Justice and 30 other judges in the Supreme Court who are appointed by the Indian President. These judges retire after the attainment of the age of 65 years.

Law minister Kapil Sibal has written to chief justices of high courts to immediately start consultations with state governments for putting up adequate infrastructure that would be required after the Centre sanctions 25% increase over the present judge strength of 906 in 24 High Courts. This would entail an increase of around 225 judges in the High Courts, which cumulatively face a pendency of around 40 lakh cases. Against a sanctioned strength of 906 judges, over 200 posts are lying vacant. The law minister's decision at this juncture assumes significance, this being an election year.

The district and the subordinate courts are the courts below the high courts. These courts administer jurisdiction at the district level in India. The district courts are at the top of all the subordinate courts but fall under the administrative control of the state high court to which that district belongs to. The judiciary plays a pivotal role in the country by maintaining and administering the laws. It not only administers justice but also protects the rights of the citizens of the country. Judiciary interprets the laws and acts as a custodian of the Constitution. Courts, tribunals and regulators together work and form this integrated system for the benefit of the nation.

Judicial courts across India

Towns and cities across India

Will be updated

The Indian Law Institute (ILI), New Delhi

The Judicial Training & Research Institute, U.P.

National Judicial Academy, Bhopal

National Law University, Jodhpur