Minimum Law graduate

At least 7 years of work experience as an Advocate

The tasks a District and Sessions Judge is expected to perform include:

Functioning as administrative and judicial head of all civil and criminal courts other than magisterial court in his district(s) and deciding the civil and criminal cases

Trying original civil cases and criminal cases committed to court by magisterial courts

Listening to arguments of counsels of the both sides and delivering a judgement

Explaining charges to accused in criminal cases and issuing to litigants in civil cases

Hearing appeals against judgement of lower courts, examining records and judgments, listening to arguments of counsels and delivering judgement

Attending to the administrative matters

Inspecting subordinate courts as head of judiciary in district

Proficient in evaluating all factors, making decision and submitting it to Government for implementation

Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

Proficient in recording evidence of witnesses and admitting documents as exhibits

Knowledge of examining documents and formulating charges

Knowledge of transferring cases from one court to another

Knowledge of granting bail to accused in criminal cases

Knowledge of allocating sessions cases between district court and civil and sessions court

Good communication skills

Good judgement skills

Calm and composed

Good interpersonal skills

Ability to think critically

Decision making skills

Problem solving attitude

It is a desk job

Need not handle a team

Local travelling is not a part of job role

Part-time work and contractual jobs are available in some cities

Work from home option is not available

Working hours

Judicial courts usually work for 5/6 days a week for 5 hours everyday

Shift system maybe available

Is the job suitable for a candidate with special needs?

This job is not considered to be hazardous or dangerous

Occupational hazards may include anxiety, panic disorders, depression, tiredness, headache, throat problems, migraine, stress, etc.

For candidates with over 7 yearsof experience INR 50,000 to INR 65,000 per month

(These figures are indicative and subject to change)

Overview of Judiciary Sector in India

The Government of India has three different independent branches namely the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. This system is known as the Common Law System in which the judges develop the laws with their judgments, orders and decisions. The different types of courts form the different levels of judiciary in the country. The Supreme Court of India came into being on 28 January 1950 and substituted the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and the Federal Court of India which were the apex legal system under the colonial rule in India. There is one Chief Justice and 30 other judges in the Supreme Court who are appointed by the Indian President. These judges retire after the attainment of the age of 65 years.

Law minister Kapil Sibal has written to chief justices of high courts to immediately start consultations with state governments for putting up adequate infrastructure that would be required after the Centre sanctions 25% increase over the present judge strength of 906 in 24 High Courts. This would entail an increase of around 225 judges in the High Courts, which cumulatively face a pendency of around 40 lakh cases. Against a sanctioned strength of 906 judges, over 200 posts are lying vacant. The law minister's decision at this juncture assumes significance, this being an election year.

The district and the subordinate courts are the courts below the high courts. These courts administer jurisdiction at the district level in India. The district courts are at the top of all the subordinate courts but fall under the administrative control of the state high court to which that district belongs to. The judiciary plays a pivotal role in the country by maintaining and administering the laws. It not only administers justice but also protects the rights of the citizens of the country. Judiciary interprets the laws and acts as a custodian of the Constitution. Courts, tribunals and regulators together work and form this integrated system for the benefit of the nation.

Judicial courts across India

Cities across India

Will be updated

The Indian Law Institute (ILI), New Delhi

The Judicial Training & Research Institute, U.P.

National Judicial Academy, Bhopal

National Law University, Jodhpur