21-Science and engineering professionals

Job Title ( International classification ): 
Science and engineering professionals
ISCO Code: 
Job Description: 
Physical, mathematical and engineering science professionals conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to fields such as physics, astronomy, meteorology, chemistry, geophysics, geology, mathematics, statistics, computing, architecture, engineering, and technology.

Main Tasks include -

  • conducting research, enlarging, advising on or applying scientific knowledge obtained through the study of structures and properties of physical matter and phenomena, chemical characteristics and processes of various substances, materials and products, and of mathematical, statistical and computing concepts and methods
  • advising on, designing and directing construction of buildings, towns and traffic systems, or civil engineering and industrial structures, as well as machines and other equipment, and advising on and applying mining methods, and ensuring their optimum use
  • surveying land and sea and making maps
  • studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials, products and processes, and on efficiency of production and work organization
  • preparing scientific papers and reports. Supervision of other workers may be included.

Occupations in this sub-major group are classified into the following minor groups:

211 Physical and earth science professionals
212 Mathematicians, actuaries and statisticians
213 Life science professionals
214 Engineering professionals (excluding elec