|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to 8.0)|
- Majority (85) percent of respondents had : Bachelor's Degree
- Some (10) percent of respondents had :Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in Personnel Services, Engineering-related Technologies, Vocational Home Economics, Construction Trades, Mechanics and Repairers, Precision Production Trades)
- Some (5) percent of respondents had :Some College Courses
Interest Code : CE
- Conventional-Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Enterprising-Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Oral Comprehension-The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Written Comprehension-The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Oral Expression-The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Deductive Reasoning-The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Speech Recognition-The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Expression-The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Integrity-Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Attention to Detail-Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability-Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Initiative-Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Cooperation-Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control-Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Top 3 Values
- Working Conditions-Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Relationships-Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Support-Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Reading Comprehension-Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening-Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking-Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking-Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Writing-Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Active Learning-Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- English Language-Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Administration and Management-Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Economics and Accounting-Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
- Law and Government-Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Customer and Personal Service-Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Transportation-Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
- Prepare purchase orders, solicit bid proposals, and review requisitions for goods and services.
- Purchase the highest quality merchandise at the lowest possible price and in correct amounts.
- Monitor and follow applicable laws and regulations.
- Research and evaluate suppliers, based on price, quality, selection, service, support, availability, reliability, production and distribution capabilities, and the supplier's reputation and history.
- Negotiate, renegotiate, and administer contracts with suppliers, vendors, and other representatives.
- Analyze price proposals, financial reports, and other data and information to determine reasonable prices.
- Maintain and review computerized or manual records of purchased items, costs, deliveries, product performance, and inventories.
- Write and review product specifications, maintaining a working technical knowledge of the goods or services to be purchased.
- Formulate policies and procedures for bid proposals and procurement of goods and services.
- Evaluate and monitor contract performance to ensure compliance with contractual obligations and to determine need for changes.
- Getting Information-Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Interacting With Computers-Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates-Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization-Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships-Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others-Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Telephone-Mostly you have telephone conversations in this job
- Electronic Mail-Mostly you use electronic mail in this job
- Face-to-Face Discussions-Mostly you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
- Frequency of Decision Making-The worker is required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization
- Letters and Memos-Mostly the job require written letters and memos
- Work With Work Group or Team-Important to work with others in a group or team in this job
- Spend Time Sitting-Mostly this job requires sitting
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate-Required to be very exact or highly accurate in performing this job
- Accounting software
- Spreadsheet software e.g. Apple AppleWorks
- Data base user interface and query software e.g. Assured Software JPP
- Accounting software e.g. Choice Job Cost
- Analytical or scientific software e.g. Construction Management Software ProEst
- Spreadsheet software e.g. Corel QuattroPro
- Accounting software e.g. Cost accounting software
- Financial analysis software e.g. Cost estimation software
- Accounting software e.g. CPR International GeneralCOST Estimator
- Financial analysis software e.g. CPR Visual Estimator
- Desktop calculator e.g.10-key calculators
- Desktop computers
- Notebook computers e.g.Laptop computers
- Laser fax machine e.g.Laser facsimile machines
- Special purpose telephones e.g.Multi-line telephone systems
- Personal computers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers e.g.Personal digital assistants PDA
- Photocopiers e.g.Photocopying equipment
- Tablet computers