|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
- Majority (56.4) percent of respondents had : Post-Doctoral Training
- Some (42.3) percent of respondents had :Doctoral Degree
- Some (1.3) percent of respondents had :First Professional Degree - awarded for completion of a program that: requires at least 2 years of college work before entrance into the program, includes a total of at least 6 academic years of work to complete, and provides all remaining academic requirements to begin practice in a profession
Interest Code : IR
- Investigative-Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Realistic-Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Inductive Reasoning-The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Problem Sensitivity-The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Oral Comprehension-The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Written Comprehension-The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Oral Expression-The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Deductive Reasoning-The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Attention to Detail-Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability-Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Analytical Thinking-Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Integrity-Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort-Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Independence-Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Top 3 Values
- Achievement-Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Independence-Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Recognition-Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
- Reading Comprehension-Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening-Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Writing-Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Speaking-Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking-Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Science-Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Medicine and Dentistry-Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- Biology-Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- English Language-Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Administration and Management-Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Computers and Electronics-Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Education and Training-Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Examine microscopic samples to identify diseases or other abnormalities.
- Diagnose diseases or study medical conditions using techniques such as gross pathology, histology, cytology, cytopathology, clinical chemistry, immunology, flow cytometry, or molecular biology.
- Write pathology reports summarizing analyses, results, and conclusions.
- Identify the etiology, pathogenesis, morphological change, and clinical significance of diseases.
- Analyze and interpret results from tests such as microbial or parasite tests, urine analyses, hormonal assays, fine needle aspirations (FNAs), and polymerase chain reactions (PCRs).
- Communicate pathologic findings to surgeons or other physicians.
- Diagnose infections, such as Hepatitis B and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), by conducting tests to detect the antibodies that patients' immune systems make to fight such infections.
- Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in pathology.
- Consult with physicians about ordering and interpreting tests or providing treatments.
- Conduct genetic analyses of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or chromosomes to diagnose small biopsies and cell samples.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems-Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Getting Information-Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge-Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Documenting/Recording Information-Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events-Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates-Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate-Required to be very exact or highly accurate in performing this job
- Freedom to Make Decisions-The job offers decision making freedom without supervision
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results-The decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company
- Frequency of Decision Making-The worker is required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization
- Telephone-Mostly you have telephone conversations in this job
- Face-to-Face Discussions-Mostly you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
- Structured versus Unstructured Work-Job is structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled-Mostly this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions
- Accounting software e.g. Accounts receivables system software
- Medical software e.g. Anatomic pathology software
- Accounting software e.g. Cerner Millennium ProFit
- Medical software e.g. Clinical Information Systems CISLab CPS
- Accounting software e.g. Computer Service and Support AR 2000 Laboratory Billing System
- Medical software e.g. Computer Trust WinSurge
- Accounting software e.g. Cortex Medical Management Systems Cortex Medical Billing
- Medical software e.g. Cortex Medical Management Systems The Gold Standard
- Information retrieval or search software e.g. Digital image databases
- Medical software e.g. EasyPath Software Pathology Assistant
- Specimen holders e.g.Anaerobic specimen transport systems
- Analytical balances
- Immunology analyzers e.g.Automated immunoassay analyzers
- Dropping pipettes e.g.Automated pipettes
- Histology or cytology slide stainers e.g.Automated slide stainers
- Biopsy needles
- Specialty plates for bacteria e.g.Blood agar plates
- Shaking incubators e.g.Blood culture incubators
- Blood gas analyzers