4155- Probation and parole officers and related occupations
Probation and parole officers and related occupations
Probation officers monitor the conduct and behaviour of criminal offenders serving probation terms. Parole officers monitor the reintegration of criminal offenders serving the remainder of sentences while conditionally released into the community on parole. Classification officers assess inmates and develop rehabilitation programs for criminal offenders who are incarcerated in correctional facilities. They are employed by federal and provincial governments and work in the community and in correctional facilities.
Probation and parole officers perform some or all of the following duties:
Interview offenders, police, family, friends, school authorities and employers to prepare pre-sentence reports and assess offenders' prospects for successful reintegration into the community
Plan rehabilitation programs with offenders, establishing rules of conduct, goals and objectives
Refer offenders to community and social service programs, as required
Supervise the terms of a probation order and attend court
Interview probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans
Recommend remedial action or initiate court action when terms of probation or parole are violated
May perform administrative duties and supervise support staff
May participate in policy development.
Classification officers, correctional institutions, perform some or all of the following duties:
Interview inmates to assess adjustment problems and develop suitable rehabilitation programs
Prepare classification reports recommending type of incarceration and types of interventions considered most beneficial for the rehabilitation of the inmates
Plan rehabilitation programs with offenders, identifying needs and setting out goals and objectives
Liaise with the inmates' families and contacts in the community to maintain established bonds outside of the institution
Advise and counsel inmates regarding their problems and evaluate their progress.
A bachelor's degree in social work, criminology, psychology, sociology or other related social science discipline is required.
A master's degree in social work, criminology, psychology or other related social science discipline may be required.
Progression to correctional service management positions is possible with additional training or experience.
Similar O*NET Careers (USA) :
- Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors
- Marriage and Family Therapists
- Mental Health Counselors
- Rehabilitation Counselors
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- Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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Source Of Info:
National Occupation Classification, (2011)
Statistics Canada and Human Resources and Skills Development Canada,
Catalogue no. 12-583-X